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Academic Writing Guide: Annotated Bibliographies

Difference between abstracts and annotations

Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles.

Annotations are descriptive and critical, describing the author's authority, point of view, as well as the scope and purpose of the source.

Video tutorial

This video, from Carleton University's MacOdrum Library, outlines the purpose and methods for creating an annotated bibliography.

Examples and other guides

The University of Toronto offers an example that illustrates how to provide a summary of a study's research methods and argument.

The Memorial University of Newfoundland presents these examples of both descriptive and critical annotations.

Cornell University Library offers these examples of APA formats for descriptive bibliographies.