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Nursing: Referencing & Academic Writing Help

Athlone Institute Of Technology Subject Information guide for Nursing

What is Referencing?

What is Referencing?

Anything that you have read, and refer to in your academic writing, you must:·  

  • acknowledge in text (i.e. in the work / assignment/ essay you are writing)
  • include in your reference list (i.e. the list at the end of your work of all the sources you refer to)

This means books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, websites, documents on websites (PDFs), lecture notes, PowerPoint slides....  




Harvard Referencing

There are hundreds of various styles of referencing.  The Harvard style (or name and date) is one most used in AIT.  However, always check with your lecturer on which style they require.

Click here for the AIT Harvard Guide.


Academic writing example

Academic Writing 

One example

Plagiarism Video

Permission to use obtained from Stian Hafstad (film maker) in July 2010.

Other Options for Managing References

There are many other options for managing your Citations.  Freely available software such as:


  • a research tool that helps users collect and organize sources.
  • a free, open-source program that can be downloaded as a Firefox browser extension, and it works with Windows, Mac, or Linux systems.


 which is another freely available tool.

  The citation may still require some editing to ensure that it matches the Harvard style. 




EndNote is a software program that stores and organizes citations and enables you to import citations directly into a Word document.

Help with Endnote WEB:

Help Guides for EndNote: a series of short tutorials (from Thomson Co.)

AIT Library guide for ENDNOTE WEB


  Referencing and Plagiarism Powerpoint