The Harvard Style stipulates that you must cite in two places:
In the Reference List or Bibliography at the end of the essay/document
In the body of the text of your essay/document, this is called In-text citation
There are two main types of In-text citation:
Direct quotation: Reproduction of a phrase or passage from a book, articles, report. etc.
Paraphrasing: A restatement of a text or passage in your own words
Here is an extract showing what in-text citations look like followed by the reference list
Example one: Paraphrasing from a book (Idea taken from text but put in different words)
Example two: An In-text paraphrase from a journal article and also an In-text direct quotation from a chapter in an edited book
In-text citation: Further Examples
entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.
entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote or when paraphrasing a passage, summarising an idea from a particular page or you want to direct the reader to a specific page.
Note: Inserting Pagination:
As a general rule (which varies depending on subject matter), quotations should be less than 10% of your total word count
When quoting a page or paragraph the page number is always required within the in-text citation
If the quotation is of 30 words or over then it should be: (a) On a separate paragraph, (b) In a one size smaller font, (c) Left indented, (d) No quotation marks, (e) Preceded by a full colon.
In-text citation Multiple Authors:
3 or more authors can use 'et al.' for in-text citations but use all author names in your Reference list at end of essay.
Example of In-text quotation for a reference to multiple authors
If you refer to a source which you have not read, but which is mentioned in a source you have read, you cite both in the text but include only the work you have read in the list of references. This is also described as 'secondary citing'.
Two or more documents with the same author and year of publication
These are distinguished by lower-case letters following the year
Referring to two different sources at the same time
Note: The sources should be cited chronologically by year of publication with the most recent source first. If more than one work is published in the same year, then they should be listed alphabetically by author/editor.
Use the author of the chapter and and date of the book in your in text reference
Full reference see Reference format Books
Example in-text citation for Appendices:
Your Own Appendix
Add your appendix immediately following your reference pages and label it as Appendix A, B, C, etc. Use these labels when discussing the appendix in the body of your paper. In the paper, after the sentence in which you are referencing your appendix, format the in-text citation as (See Appendix A). The letter should match the appropriate appendix label. Do not cite your own appendix on the reference page. If there is only one Appendix just refer to it as Appendix
Another Author's Appendix
When using an appendix from another author, include this information on your reference page. For example, a citation on the reference page for an appendix found in a book should read: Author. (year). Appendix A of Title of work. Location: Publisher. The appendix letter should match the appropriate section you are using.
An in text reference to an appendix can also give some more details:
Example: Inner city mental health care access continues to be a problem (see Appendix for a table showing mental health care access by city).
Figures and tables in the appendices are labeled A1, A2, B1, and so forth, according to the appendix in which they appear. (Note: Omit the letter if there is only one appendix.)