The Harvard Style stipulates that you must cite in two places:
In the Reference List or Bibliography at the end of the essay/document
In the body of the text of your essay/document, this is called In-text citation
There are two main types of In-text citation:
Direct quotation: Reproduction of a phrase or passage from a book, articles, report. etc.
Paraphrasing: A restatement of a text or passage in your own words
In-text citation: Paraphrasing examples
In-text paraphrasing (Idea taken from text but put in different words)
On the subject of employee motivation Evenden and Anderson (1992, p. 45) suggest that in order to improve motivation for appraisal, that an objective for each key area of a job need to be developed
Example two: An In-text paraphrase from a journal article
In-text citation: Further Examples
Pagination: whether to use a page number
use this in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.
use this in the body of your paper after a direct quote or when paraphrasing a passage, summarising an idea from a particular page or you want to direct the reader to a specific page.
In-text citation: Direct Quotation examples:
As a general rule (which varies depending on subject matter), quotations should be less than 10% of your total word count
When quoting a page or paragraph the page number is always required within the in-text citation
If the quotation is of 30 words or over then it should be: (a) On a separate paragraph, (b) In a one size smaller font, (c) Left indented, (d) No quotation marks, (e) Preceded by a full colon.