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AIT Harvard: Books


Material Type  

In Text Citation  


Book General Template






Example: One Author





(Author, Date, Page)




(Buckroyd, 1996, p.35) or ...According to Buckroyd (1996, p.35)

NB: use Surname only



• Author (If editor; use abbreviation Ed after name) 
• Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title (in Italics)
• Edition (only if not first, format ed.)
• Place of publishing:(full colon)  Publisher



Buckroyd, J. (1996) Eating your heart out: understanding and overcoming eating disorders. 2nd ed., London: Vermilion.

NB: Minimal capitalization for Book titles: Only first letter of first word and Names or Places

NB.2: Book Titles in Italics


Book: Two Authors

(Beardsworth and Keil, 1997, p. 107) or Beardsworth and Keil (1997, p. 107) state..

NB: Use Both surnames  linked by “&” in brackets citation and by “and “ in text

Beardsworth, I. and Keil, T. (1997) Sociology on the menu: an invitation to the study of food and society. London: Routledge.

Note: use Both surnames  linked by “& “ in the reference list.


Book: Three Authors or more

Can use first author’s surname and “et al” or list all three authors

(Bretag, Crossman and Bordia, 2010, p. 407).

or (Bretag et al., 2010, p. 407)


Another example: Bretag et al. (2010, p. 407) explain the concept of voice in writing. 



Bretag, T., Crossman, J. and Bordia, S. (2010) Communication skills. Sydney: McGraw-Hill.

*retain order of authors given in the source 


Edited book / 4 editors

(Cohen et al., 2000, p. 69)

NB: Use first author’s surname and “et al”

Cohen, L., Sheedy, L., Morrison, K. and Doherty, K. eds.(2000) Research techniques. London: Routledge.


Book:No Author  


(Black’s Medical Dictionary, 1992) or It is stated in Black's Medical Dictionary (1992)

Cite the title as the author 

Black’s Medical Dictionary. (1992) 37th ed., London: A&C Black.

One Author illustrating the same point - in works published in different years

Lucey (1996;2002) or Lucey stated that ... (1996; 2002) or (Lucey, 1996;2002)



Lucey, T (1996) Quantitative techniques5th ed., London: Thompson learning.

 Lucey, T. (2002) Costing. 6th ed., London: Continuum.

NB.: List each title separately – arrange by year of publication  (earliest first)– Giving full details of each title



Contribution (article or chapter) in edited book . Template




(Author of chapter /section, date)


  • Author of the Chapter/ Section
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of Chapter/ Section
  • In: author/ editor of book
  • Title of book (In Italics)
  • Place of publication: Publisher
  • Page reference


Contribution (article or chapter) in edited book: Example

(MacDonald, 1997, p. 354)

Cite the author of article or chapter in the text Not the Editors of the Book 



MacDonald, G.  (1997) Innovation diffusion and health education in schools. In: Sidell, M., Jones, L., Katz, J. and Peberdy, A. eds. Debates and dilemmas in promoting health. London: Open University, pp. 55-88.

Note: When referring to a work with editor/s, it is normally the case that each chapter/contribution is attributed to individual author/s.

Therefore, it is the author of the chapter that you will be citing in-text. However, in the full reference you will need to refer to the editor/s as well as the chapter author/s.

In the rare event that you may want to cite the whole of an edited book, you would simply reference it as a normal book but would replace author with editor in the in-text citation and put ed.or eds. after the editor/s name/s in the full reference.



Book quoted in another book: Example

(Smith, 1990, cited in Buckroyd 1996, p. 543)


Buckroyd (1996, p. 543) citing Smiths view on social conditioning (1990) supports the theory that..


Buckroyd,  J. (1996) Eating your heart out: understanding and overcoming eating disorders. 2nd ed., London: Vermilion.


*If you read a piece of work which refers to another piece of writing, only use the work you have read in your Reference Listing


Translation (Wolf, 1989) Wolf, C. (1989) Accident: a day’s news. translated by Schwarzbauer, H. and Takvorian, R. London: Virago.