Skip to main content

APA 6th edition Referencing guide: Books and ebooks

This guide will show you all you need to know about APA.

Books

Remember that books can include:

Book reviews, reports, chapters from edited books, conferences, a dictionary or an encyclopaedia, Thesis or Dissertation.  

For any resource with an editor instead of an author, add (Ed.) after the name of the editor in the reference list.  If more than one editor use (Eds.)

Search the library catalogue.  The way that the book record is presented often matches the way the reference should look in your list of references.

Always use the DOI for an e-book if it is available

Format: Author Surname/Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle [Version]. Retrieved from URL of the home page of the e-book provider.

Reference List:
Ochs, S. (2004). A history of nerve functions: From animal spirits to molecular mechanisms [ebrary Reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com/
Intext citation
... within the context of four broad theories” (Carr, 2001, p. 79).
Reference list.
Carr, A. (2001). Abnormal psychology. [Dawsonera version]. Retrieved June 25, 2010, from http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9780203496480

Format: Author Surname/Last name, Initials. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

In-Text-Citation:

  • Author Last name (Year)    
  • (Author Last name, Year)

Example:

  • Rogan (2011) argues
  • Another approach (Rogan, 2011) highlighted…

Reference List

Rogan, D. (2011) Marketing: An introduction for students in Ireland.  Dublin, Ireland: Gill & Macmillan.  

Format: Author(s) Surname/Last name, Initials. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Intext Citation: According to Thompson & Martin (2010) 

OR 

This is evident (Thompson and Martin, 2010) 

Reference List: Thompson, J.L. & Martin, F. (2010) Strategic management: awareness & change. (6th ed.) Andover, United Kingdom: South-Western Cengage Learning. 

Cite both authors within the body of the text each time that they are mentioned.

The edition number is included after the title of the work (not necessary for first editions).

Format: Author(s) Surname/Last name, Initials. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Cite all authors the very first time that you use the reference within your text. 

In subsequent intext citations include only the surname of the first author followed by et al.

Intext citation

(Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 2008)

Subsequent intext citation

Ferrell et al. (2008) suggested that…

Reference list:

Ferrell, O. C., Fraedrich J., & Ferrell L. (2008) Business ethics: ethical decision making and cases.  Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Format: Author(s) Surname/Last name, Initials. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Cite/reference only the surname of the first author followed by et al. when citing/referencing inside the text.  List all authors in the reference list at the back of the assignment.

Intext citation

(Lilienfeld et al., 2014) OR Lilienfeld et al. (2014) claimed that…

Reference List

Lilienfeld, S., Lynn, S. J., Namy, L. L., Woolf, N. J., Jamieson, G., Marks, A. & Slaughter, V. (2014) Psychology: from inquiry to understanding (2nd ed.) Melbourne, Australia: Pearson Australia.

Cite or reference only surname of the first author followed by et al.

In the reference list at the back enter the first six authors followed by 3 full stops (…) and then the last author’s name.

Intext citation

(Writer et al., 2016)

Reference list. 

Writer, O., Speaker, T., Academic, T, N., Lecturer, A., Smith, B., Murphy, P.,… O’ Brien, P. (2016) The essence of APA.  Dublin, Ireland: Academic Press.

Format: Editor(s) Surname/Last name, Initials. (Ed.) (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Intext Citation

Treat exactly like an author.  The only difference is in the reference list.

  • Among the proposals in Booth (1994)…
  • Others (Booth, 1994) also proposed…

Reference List

Booth, D. (Ed.). (1994). Rethinking social development: Theory, research and practice. Essex, United Kingdom: Longman.

If more than one editor use (Eds.)

Format: Name of corporate author/organisation. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

Intext Citation

  • Economic and Social Research Institute (2008) highlight research…
  • Research (Economic and Social Research Institute, 2008) highlighting other trends

Reference List

Economic and Social Research Institute. (2008). ESRI research strategy 2008-2013: research for a changing Ireland. Dublin, Ireland: ESRI.

Use the title in place of the author both in-text and in the reference list at the back.

Shorten the title if too long.

Intext Citation

Leahy (1998, p. 26) discusses the idea that ...

Reference List

Leahy, A. L. (1998). Moving to a quality culture. In A. L. Leahy & M. M. Wiley (Eds.), The Irish health system in the 21st century (pp. 105-113). Dublin, Ireland: Oak Tree Press.

Loading ...

APA Book