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APA 6th edition Referencing guide: Journal/magazine articles

This guide will show you all you need to know about APA.

Tips for journals

Do include page numbers for direct quotes. You do not have to include page numbers if it is not a direct quote but APA 6th encourages you to do so (APA, 2010, p.171).  However some lecturers require you to omit page numbers if it is not a direct quote. Check with your lecturer if you are not sure.

DOI and journals

Include doi if you can find one:

Author, A. A. (year). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Journal, volume (issue if applicable), page numbers of the whole article. doi

If no doi, use the URL of the HOME PAGE of the JOURNAL:

Author, A. A. (year). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Journal, volume (issue if applicable), page numbers of the whole article. Retrieved from URL

If you can't find the doi or the URL, write the reference without them:

Author, A. A. (year). Title of article: Subtitle of article. Title of Journal, volume (issue if applicable), page numbers of the whole article.

e.g. Brookshire, R. G. & Palocsay, S. W. (2005) Factors contributing to the success of undergraduate Business management science courses.  Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education.  3(1) 99-108.  doi:10.1111/j.1540-4609.2005.00054.x

Journals/Magazines in APA

You only need to include the issue number if the page numbers of the journal start at 1 at the beginning of each issue.

Hopefully this rather archaic rule will change.  There is currently some discussion about changing this rule to one where you will always include the issue number.  If in doubt check with me at uoconnor@ait.ie.

 

Format: Author(s) Surname/Last name, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal title, Volume, Page numbers.

Intext Citation:

Author(s) surname (Year)

(Author(s) surname, Year)

  • Tovey (2002) argues….
  • It has been argued (Tovey, 2002)….

Reference list: 

Tovey, H. (2002) Risk, morality, and the sociology of animals - reflections of the foot and mouth outbreak in Ireland, Irish Journal of Sociology, 11(1), 23-42.

Format: Author(s) Surname/Last name, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal title, Volume, Page numbers.

In the case of three to five authors, all authors should be listed the first time the work is cited:

(O’Brien, Smith, Horgan, White & Dunphy, 2009).  

For any further references or citations just enter the first surname and et al. comma year e.g. (O’Brien et al., 2009) 

Intext Citation

     First time citing (use all authors' names):  (Westhues, Lafrance, & Schmidt, 2001, p. 40)
     Subsequent citations:  (Westhues et al., 2001, p. 40)

Reference list

Westhues, A., Lafrance, J., & Schmidt, G. (2001). A SWOT analysis of social work education in Canada. Social Work Education, 20(1), 35-56. doi:10.1080/02615470020028364 

When a journal has 6 or more authors, cite only the first author followed by et al. and the year of publication for the first and subsequent in text citations.
 
Intext Citation
First Citation/Reference:  (McGuire et al., 2014, p. 902)
     Subsequent citations:  (McGuire et al., 2014, p. 902)
 
Reference List
For sources with 6 and 7 authors include all the surnames in the reference list.
 
For sources with 8 or more authors, include the first 6 authors' surnames, author initials then 3 dots and add the last author's surname and initial(s).
 
Example: Arca, M., Papachristoforou, A., Mougel, F., Rortais, A., Monceau, K., Bonnard, O., … Arnold, G. (2014). Defensive behaviour of Apis mellifera against Vespa velutina in France: Testing whether European honeybees can develop an effective collective defence against a new predator. Behavioural Processes, 106, 122–129. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2014.05.002
 
 
 

Note: The same multiple author rules apply  both for print and ejournals.

Format: Author(s) Surname/Last name, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal title, Volume, Page numbers. DOI/URL

Intext Citation

(Sainaghi, 2008) or
Sainaghi (2008) suggests...

Reference List

Sainaghi, R. (2008). Strategic position and performance of winter destinations. Tourism Review, 63(4), 40-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/16605370810912209

Note the more current way to represent the DOI is just with a URL.  However, this is a new change so some publishers will still have the DOI without a http prefix.  In this case put doi:  number.  do not mix up the two however,

Correct:     

  • doi:10.1037/rmh0000008
  • http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rmh0000008

Rule: If you viewed a journal article in an online database and it does not have a DOI, you will need to do a quick search outside of the database to locate the URL for the journal's home page.  This information must be included in the reference.  If the journal is no longer being published and it does not have a home page, then include the URL for the home page of the database from which you retrieved the article.

Format: Author(s) Last name, Initials. (Year). Article title. Journal title, Volume, Page numbers. DOI/URL

Intext Citation

"companies are discovering that a distinctive management model can itself be a key driver of its competitiveness" (Birkinshaw & Goddard, 2009, p.82)

Reference List

Birkinshaw, J. & Goddard, J. (2009) What is your management model? MIT Sloan Management Review, 50 (2) 81-90.  Retrieved from http://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/what-is-your-management-model/

Treat as a webpage.  Remember to evaluate it and check for the quality.  If unsure ask the Library.

Intext Citation.

(Kutner, 2003, p.26)

Reference List.

Kutner, R.(2003, September 8). The great American pension fund robbery. Business Week24-26. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com.

 

Remember that you can only put the work that you actually read into the Reference List at the back.

In text citation

(Lilieholm & Romney, 2000, as cited in Suntikul, Butler, & Airey, 2010) or
Lilieholm and Romney (2000, as cited in Suntikul, Butler, & Airey, 2010) argue that...

Reference list

Suntikul, W., Butler, R., & Airey, D. (2010). Implications of political change on national park operations: Doi moi moi and tourism to Vietnam's national parks. Journal of Ecotourism, 9(3), 201-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14724040903144360

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