What is Referencing?
Anything that you have read, and refer to in your academic writing, you must:·
This means books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, websites, documents on websites (PDFs), lecture notes, PowerPoint slides....
There are hundreds of various styles of referencing. The Harvard style (or name and date) is one most used in TUS. However, always check with your lecturer on which style they require.
A series of short animated films that put copyright and creativity under the magnifying glass of Sherlock Holmes. Written, Produced and Directed by Ronan Deazley and Bartolomeo Meletti
A free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. Download a client for Windows, Mac or Linux; a connector for Firefox, Edge, Chrome, or Safari; plugins for Microsoft Office and LibreOffice.
Browser connectors can pick up detailed record metadata from library catalogue entries, official publications and websites as well as ejournal articles.
Zotero's desktop client will also store pdfs where available online. To add saved PDFs, drag and drop into the desktop client, Zotero will create the reference entry if the metadata is retrievable.
Additional styles can be added from the repository.
If the Word plugin doesn't install, click on Cite - Word Processers - Install...
To use for referencing a chapter in an edited book
To use for In-text citation of secondary references
Importing Word bibliographies - requires third party software.
Text below is taken from, Cite Them Right by Pears and Shields 12th ed (2022, p. 25):
Cite Them Right is not intended to replace any departmental regulations, nor can it provide guidance to cover the full range of academic subjects its readers are studying. If you are unsure about how you should present illustrations in your academic work, you should ask your tutor for guidance.
If no guidance is available from your tutor we suggest that you number each illustration in the order they are used in your work, and provide a caption that describes the illustration, beginning the caption with 'Figure', then the number, then the description.
If you have used an illustration from someone else's work, conclude the caption with, in round brackets, Source: and the details of where the illustration came from. Include full details in the reference list.
If possible, and definitely if your work is going to be published, you should obtain written permission from the creator of the illustration to reuse their work.
Possible Example: Figure 2: Questions the Literature Review can Answer (Source: The Learning Centre, 2007, p.66)
See Cite Them Right, 12th ed G 19.5 p .93
Image in a book
(The Learning Centre, 2007, p.25, Fig. 5)
As shown in a diagram labelled, 'Storyboard for Ivan's morning routine' (Buggey, 2007, Diagram. 9.1)
The Learning Centre (2007) Questions the literature review can answer. Dublin: Arrow Publishing, p. 25
Buggey. T. (2007) 'Storyboard for Ivan's morning routine', Journal of Positive Behaviour Interventions, 9(3) p.151. Available at: Academic Search Premier, (Accessed 18 December 2013).
|Material type||Examples: In-text reference||Examples: Full reference|
See Cite Them Right, 12th ed G 19.6 p .94
Photo in a book
Seasonal changes were captured on film (Thomas, 2017)
Photos on the theme of dancing from Barnes and Barnes (1969)
Thomas, T. (2017) Redevelopment in Byker [Photograph]. Newcastle upon Tyne: Then & Now publishing
Barnes, R.H. and Barnes, R. (1969) Baha Kewa Payong Amun Toda dancing in Leu Tuan. Available at: https://library-artstor-org.ezphost.dur.ac.uk/asset/YALE_1027_22789691 (Accessed: 13 June 2021).