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AIT Harvard: Introduction


Guide created by:

Michael Doheny |Assistant Librarian, AIT. 


Grateful acknowledgement to the Reid Arts and Business Library, University of Western Australia, for permission to use and modify their template

Tutorials in Harvard Referencing

Tutorials are available for individuals or groups in Harvard referencing

Contact Michael Doheny

090 6471825 / 6483030

Further Harvard examples

Social Care Management Sample Bibliography

Why is Referencing Important?


 Referencing or citing your sources is an important part of academic writing. It lets you acknowledge the ideas or words of others if you use them in your work and helps avoid plagiarism. Referencing also demonstrates that you've read relevant background literature and you can provide authority for statements you make in your assignments. The Harvard citation style can vary in minor features such as punctuation, capitalisation, abbreviations, and the use of italics. Always check with your lecturer/tutor for which citation style they prefer you to use. 


Please remember the Golden Rule is to follow the format provided by your lecturer if it differs to the format provided here.  This guide is only intended as a suggested alternative.  Although most AIT Academic Schools are happy to follow this format please check with whoever is marking your assignment/essay/project before using this guide. 


Getting Started

There are two components to referencing: in-text citations in your paper and the reference list at the end of your paper.

The in-text citation:

Harvard is an 'author/date' style, so your in-text citation consists of author(s), year of publication and page. If your in text citation is a general one, to ideas that run through a complete work, then the in text citation would simply use author and date as below  


In-text citation of a book 

When you quote directly from an author or citing a specific idea or piece of information from a specific page or pages then you need to include the page number of the quote in your in-text citation.



Click for detailed guideline for In-text referencing

  The reference list/bibliography:

All in-text citations should be listed in the reference list at the end of your document.

 Reference list entry for a book

Reference list entry for a Journal


Reference list/Bibliography entries contain all the information that someone needs to follow up your source. Reference lists/Bibliographies in Harvard are arranged alphabetically by author.

Intext in body of a work and links to Harvard reference list examples