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TUS Athlone Campus Harvard: Images, Figures and Tables

Harvard Referencing guidelines



Material Type  Examples of an 'In Text Citation' Examples of a full Reference

Image, figure, illustration, photo or table

(Reproduced in your assignment)

Template: (Author date)                 

Diagrams etc. are usually accompanied by a brief description and are listed throughout a piece of work by figure number.                      

 When referring to diagrams, graphs, tables, illustrations, photographs, etc. in the text, you should use Figure number (and Source if relevant).

Note: Images adapted from other works - reproduced in your text 

A table of data or graph which is taken from another work should be acknowledged as a reference like any extract from a published source. In the context of a graph, it is labelled a figure, e.g. Figure 1. The source citation or InText Caption is placed after the title of the graph with the author’s, the year of publication and page number (if a book)


Figure 1: Questions the Literature Review can Answer (Source: The Learning Centre, 2007, p.66) 





  • Author 
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of image, figure, (in Italics)
  • [Type of image]
  • Title of book which contains the image
  • edn (if 1st ed do not include)
  • Place of publishing: Publisher (if available)
  • Page, illus. (or Page, graph.)


The Learning Centre (2007) Questions the literature review can answer. [Diagram] A guide to writing a literature review. Dublin: Arrow publishing, p. 25., illus.

Reference to an image in a Book (not reproduced) As shown in a photograph, Fig. 2. (University of Limerick 2003, p. 10 )...

University of Limerick (1999) Postgraduate student at work in the telecommunications laboratory. [Photograph] University of Limerick: a celebration. Limerick: University of Limerick, p.105., illus.

Image – on the web (Not reproduced but mentioned) (Author, date)


  • Author 
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of image, figure, (in Italics)
  • [Type of image]
  • Available at: URL
  • [Accessed date]
 and 3; Image on the Web (mentioned not reproduced) 


 (Coca Cola 2007)...



 Note: If there is no responsible person or body given then use the image title and date for in-text citation see internet example below..


(Where to study for finals 2012)


Coca Cola (2007) New Coke logo. [Image] Available at:

lg_new_coke_logo.jpg [Accessed 16 August 2007].


Note: If there is no author: use image title as author





Where to study for finals (2012) [photograph] Available at: [Accessed 16 December 2013].


In an Online journal                                      





As shown in a diagram labelled, 'Storyboard for Ivan's mornng routine' (Buggey 2007)               


  • Author 
  • Year of publication (in round brackets)
  • Title of image, figure
  • [Type of image]
  • Title of journal , (in Italics)
  • (Volume), Issue
  • pages
  • Available at: URL
  • [Date accessed].

Buggey. T. (2007) Storyboard for Ivan's morning routine. [Diagram] Journal of Positive Behaviour Interventions, 9 (3) p.151. Available at: Academic Search Premier, [Accessed 18 December 2013].


When referencing images that come from articles,

  • Check the article content for additional source information, such as a photographer or illustrator. 
  • If an alternate name is available, use that in place of the article's author(s).
  • If the image has a title or caption, use that in place of the article title. 
  • After the article or image title and before the journal title, insert the image type.
  • Image types are: Chart, Diagram, Graph, Illustration, Map, or Photograph
  • Replace the page range of the article with the page number for the image.