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TUS Athlone Campus Harvard: Section B: Rules for your reference list

Harvard Referencing guidelines

Referencing notes - for your full reference list




Rules for your Reference / Bibliography


·        A reference list is a detailed list of sources that have already been cited within the text

·        The reference list is located at the end of a paper, assignment, article or thesis.

·        Every reference must have enough information for the reader to find the source again.

·        A reference list is different from a Bibliography in that a bibliography is a list of all references consulted in preparing the document whether cited or not.



i.                   A book reference must have an author, year, title, edition (if it is not the first edition), place of publication and publisher - while a journal article reference never has a place of publication or publisher but must include journal volume, issue and page(s) number(s).

ii.                 References should be in alphabetical order by author surname

iii.              References must not be numbered

iv.              The layout, punctionation and capitalisation of all references must be consistent.

v.                 Capitalise all personal names and places

vi.           Put Book and Journal titles in italics

vii.             Use Minimal Capitalisation for Book and Article titles (Capitalize the 1st Letter of  the 1st word in a sentence)


Maximum Capitalisation for Journal titles. (Capitalize the first letter of all words other than conjunctives(and, of, or, etc..)).


Note: In-text references are always included in the work count for an assignment, however the reference list at the end of the essay are often not included in the word count; (check this with your lecturer if necessary).