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TUS Athlone Campus Harvard: Overview

Harvard Referencing guidelines

Assistant Librarian, Academic Collaboration & Science

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Michael Doheny
+353 (0)90 64 83030


Guide created by:

Michael Doheny |Assistant Librarian, TUS Midlands. 


Grateful acknowledgement to the Reid Arts and Business Library, University of Western Australia, for permission to use and modify their template

Tutorials in Harvard Referencing

Tutorials are available for individuals or groups in Harvard referencing

Contact Michael Doheny

090 6471825 / 6483030

AIT Harvard Overview

Why is Referencing Important?


 Referencing or citing your sources is an important part of academic writing. It lets you acknowledge the ideas or words of others if you use them in your work and helps avoid plagiarism. Referencing also demonstrates that you've read relevant background literature and you can provide authority for statements you make in your assignments. The Harvard citation style varies worldwide in features such as punctuation, capitalization, abbreviations, and the use of italics. The Library recommends that you, therefore, use the AIT Harvard guide supported by the library


Getting Started

There are two components to referencing: in-text citations in your paper and the reference list at the end of your paper.

The in-text citation:

Harvard is an 'author/date' style, so your in-text citation consists of author(s), year of publication and page. If your in text citation is a general one, to ideas that run through a complete work, then the in text citation would simply use author and date as below  


In-text citation of a book 

When you quote directly from an author or citing a specific idea or piece of information from a specific page or pages then you need to include the page number of the quote in your in-text citation.



Click for detailed guideline for In-text referencing

  The reference list/bibliography:

All in-text citations should be listed in the reference list at the end of your document.

 Reference list entry for a book

Reference list entry for a Journal


Reference list/Bibliography entries contain all the information that someone needs to follow up your source. Reference lists/Bibliographies in Harvard are arranged alphabetically by author.


This Libguide is licensed under Creative Commons as 

TUS Midlands: Harvard Guide

AIT QuickGuide Harvard

Intext in body of a work and links to Harvard reference list examples

Further Harvard examples

Social Care Management Sample Bibliography