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APA Referencing guide: Personal communication

private letter, memo, email, interview, telephone conversation

Template   Initials. Author Surname, personal communication, Month DD, YYYY.

Reference list / Bibliography

Personal communications are not included in a reference list or bibliography as they do not provide recoverable data.

In-text citation

In an email dated 11 October 2018, the Taoiseach pointed out that…. The decision was confirmed during a phone interview (L. Varadkar, personal communication, September 13, 2018)