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APA Referencing Guide 7th Edition: Journal

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 7th edition


Journals are generally published on a continuous basis and include journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters and even blogs and other online platforms that publish articles.  When periodical information (e.g., volume number, issue number, page range) is missing, omit it from the reference. 

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

DOI logo

What is a DOI? A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. 

NOTE: It is regarded as the most important part of the citation because it will accurately direct users to the specific article.

Think of it as a "digital fingerprint" or an article's DNA!

The rules for DOIs have been updated in the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. They should be included as URLs, rather than just the alphanumeric string.




  • doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-114
  • Retrieved from http://doi:10.1186/1471-2288-12-114


Helpful Tips

How do I cite an article I found using an iPhone, Android, or computer-based app? It doesn't matter on what device you read the article, but providing the reader a direct path to the "original" source of the material.

Remember - the "app" is not the source of the article - the "journal" is your source. Cite it as you would any journal article.

APA Style 7th edition - Authoritative Sources

Permission has been kindly granted by the Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, George Washington University, 2300 I St NW Washington, DC on 19/01/2022 for the reuse and adaptation of the material from their APA Citation Style, 7th edition subject guide. 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.