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APA Referencing Guide 7th Edition: Webpage

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 7th edition


Helpful Tips

  • When citing sources that you find on the Internet you only need to include a retrieval date if the information you viewed is likely to change over time.  If you reference an article from a news source (e.g., RTE, Virgen Media News, BBC) or a site that may experience continuous updates, you would then need to include a retrieval date.
  • New in 7th edition: You must include the site name in your citation unless the site name is the same as the corporate author. For example, a citation of a CDC report would not include the site name.


General Format:  Author, A.A. (Year, Month Day). Title of webpage, Website name. URL


           In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):      (Author Surname, Year)

           In-Text Citation (Quotation):        (Author Surname, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])


Personal or Corporate Author. (Last update or copyright date; if not known, put n.d.).Title of a specific document. Website name (if needed). URL of a specific document

Example 1   (Personal or Corporate Author)

           In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):       (Ahmadi, 2018)

           In-Text Citation (Quotation):         (Ahmadi, 2018, para. 3)


Ahmadi, S. (2018). Lesson plan: Filter bubbles. Digital Writing & Research Lab.


Example 2   (Group / Organisation).

  • If the source is written by a group of authors (organisation), use the name of the group/organisation. 

           General Format:   Organisation. (Year, Month Day). Title of webpage. Website name. URL

           In-text Citation: 1st Citation (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020) Subsequent Citations: (APA, 2020) 


American Psychological Association. (2020, July 15). Psychology topics. APA.


Example 3    (Author is unknown)

  • If the author is unknown, use the title instead. 
  • Include a retrieval date if the source's content is likely ot change over the time. 

General Format: Title of webpage. (Year, Month Day). Website name. Retrieved Month Date, Year,from URL 

Reference:  APA format citation guide. (2017, August 24). Mendeley. Retrieved March 24, 2021, from


Example 4   (Date of Publication not available). 

  • If the date of publication is not available, use the abbreviation "n.d." instead. 

General Format:    

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title of webpage. Website name URL 


NASA. (n.d.). Overview: Weather, global warming and climate change, NASA.

 Reference Source:  APA 7th Ed Manual Made Easy: Full concise Guide Simplified for Students). p61